The Origin and Evolution of Life on Earth — Videos





The Origin and Evolution of Life on Earth I

Charles Marshall, UC Berkeley
Evolutionary Biology Boot Camp

The History of Earth (HD – 720P)

Life After Dinosaurs

The Best Documentary Ever!! – The Story Of Earth And Life

Amazing Earth Full HD 1080p, Amazing Documentary

David Attenborough – First Life | S01E01 | 720p

David Attenborough First Life – S01E02  720p 

Mass Extinction — Videos

The Mother of Mass Extinctions: How Life on Earth Nearly Ended 250 Million Years Ago

Douglas Erwin, Professor, Santa Fe Institute
July 12, 2006

During the greatest biodiversity crisis in the history of life some 250 million years ago, over 90% of all the species in the oceans died off in just a few hundred thousand years. Douglas Erwin, author of the new book Extinction: How Life on Earth Nearly Ended 250 Million Years Ago discusses his research in China, South Africa and the western US in search of the causes and consequences of this great mass extinction.

Nova: Permian Extinction

Could Siberian volcanism have caused the Earth’s largest extinction event?

Permian History Methane Gas Explosion From Ocean Wiped Out 95% Of Life

The Great Dying [2]: 7 worst days on Planet Earth

Animal Armageddon The Great Dying – Episode 5

The Permian–Triassic extinction event, informally known as the Great Dying, was an extinction event that occurred 252 million years ago, forming the boundary between the Permian and Triassic geologic periods, as well as the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras. It is the Earth’s most severe known extinction event, with up to 96% of all marine species and 70% of terrestrial vertebrate species becoming extinct. It is the only known mass extinction of insects. Some 57% of all families and 83% of all genera became extinct. Because so much biodiversity was lost, the recovery of life on Earth took significantly longer than after any other extinction event, possibly up to 10 million years.

Researchers have variously suggested that there were from one to three distinct pulses, or phases, of extinction. There are several proposed mechanisms for the extinctions; the earlier phase was likely due to gradual environmental change, while the latter phase has been argued to be due to a catastrophic event. Suggested mechanisms for the latter include large or multiple impact events, increased volcanism, coal/gas fires and explosions from the Siberian Traps, and sudden release of methane from the sea floor; gradual changes include sea-level change, increasing aridity, and a shift in ocean circulation driven by climate change.

Mass extinction (Permian-Triassic- Extinction) – The Evolutionary Theory on Extinction

Catastrophe – Episode 1 – Birth of the Planet

Catastrophe – Episode 2 – Snowball Earth

Catastrophe – Episode 3 – Planet of Fire

Catastrophe – Episode 4 – Asteroid Impact

Catastrophe – Episode 5 – Survival Earth

Earthquakes — Videos

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 09- Earthquakes

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Earthquakes

Countdown to catastrophe: Earthquake in North America

The Pacific Ring of Fire and its Earthquakes

seismic waves

3D Seismic

Layers of the Earth: Structural Zones


Demonstrating P and S Seismic Waves

Demonstration of P and S waves properties using students to represent atoms in solids and liquids.

Earthquake Waves

The Mohorovicic Seismic Discontinuity

How we know about the Earth’s core


Earth Revealed — Videos

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 01- Down To Earth

Surface conditions of the planets Venus and Mars are compared with those of Earth, and scenes of Earth’s living landscapes lead into a discussion of how unique Earth truly is. Major topics addressed in the series, including plate tectonics, natural resources, seismology, and erosion, are introduced in this program.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 02- The Restless Planet

Early Greek astronomers believed that Earth was the center of the universe. However, this notion changed dramatically over time, especially after the invention of the telescope. This program traces the development of astronomical theory with discussions of the discoveries of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton. Unique characteristics of Earth are also discussed.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 03- Earth’s Interior

Oil wells do more than just produce oil — they serve as windows to Earth’s interior. This program introduces the topic of geophysics, exploring methods of studying what lies beneath Earth’s surface. Geophysicists use seismic wave studies, variations in temperature, magnetic fields, gravity, and computer simulations to create models of deep structures.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 04- The Sea Floor

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 05- The Birth of a Theory

In the 1960s, earth scientists developed the theory of plate tectonics. This program traces the development of plate tectonics, beginning with the contributions and methods of geologist Alfred Wegener. Sea-floor spreading, continental drift, paleomagnetism, and the primordial supercontinent Pangaea are some of the topics covered.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 06- Plate Dynamics

This program examines the movement and interaction of tectonic plates, which account for a vast array of geologic formations and phenomena — from California’s San Andreas Fault to the Rift Valley of eastern Africa. The program covers convergent boundaries, subduction, hotspots, and the debate over what drives plate motion.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 07- Mountain Building

This program erodes the myth of the mountain as a solid, permanent structure. Animations are used to illustrate the process of orogeny (mountain building) through accretion and erosion, as well as the role of plate tectonics, the rock cycle, and how different types of rock are formed in the course of mountain building.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 08- Earth’s Structures

A visit to the Grand Canyon lays the foundation for this exploration of rock layers and deformation. The program covers sedimentation, major structures, the methods used to examine them, and how petroleum may be trapped inside them. It also looks at tectonic force and the different types of stress involved in the formation of geologic structures.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 09- Earthquakes

Showing actual footage of earthquakes and their aftermath, this program discusses the forces that fuel these massive events. Faults, waves, and the transfer of energy from the epicenter are explained, and histories of the seismograph and Richter scale are presented. The program also describes devices being developed to study — and eventually predict — earthquakes.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 10- Geologic Time

To illustrate the immensity of geologic time, the entire span of Earth’s existence is compressed down to a year. The timeline of major geologic events is superimposed onto the year for a condensed view of Earth’s evolution. A relationship between this timeline and that of life on Earth is established, with fossils and radiocarbon dating playing a major role in the discovery.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 11- Evolution Through Time

The fossil record reveals much about the diversity and development of species. This program examines the traces left by early plants, animals, and single-celled organisms and follows the progression of life forms over time. Connections are drawn between atmospheric gases, climate change, rock formation, biological functions, and mass extinctions.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 12- Minerals: The Materials Of Earth

Minerals have been indispensable to human civilization. This program looks at the variety of minerals, their atomic and crystalline structures, and their physical properties such as hardness and luster. Petrologists’ methods of sectioning rocks are shown, and gems, precious metals, ore excavation, and the value of silicates are discussed.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 13- Minerals: Volcanism

Volcanoes provide clues about what is going on inside Earth. Animations illustrate volcanic processes and how plate boundaries are related to volcanism. The program also surveys the various types of eruptions, craters, cones and vents, lava domes, magma, and volcanic rock. The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens serves as one example.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 14- Intrusive igneous rocks

Most magma does not extrude onto Earth’s surface but cools slowly deep inside Earth. This magma seeps into crevices in existing rock to form intrusive igneous rocks. Experts provide a graphic illustration of this process and explain the types and textures of rocks such as granite, obsidian, and quartz. Once again, plate tectonics is shown to be involved in the process.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 15- Weathering & Soils

The Cleopatra’s Needle obelisk in New York City’s Central Park is severely weathered after only 75 years, whereas the dry climate of Egypt has preserved similar structures in that country for millennia. This program shows how weather, climate, chemicals, temperature, and type of substrate factor into rock and soil erosion. Environmental connections are also considered.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 16- Mass Wasting

Anyone undertaking a building project must understand mass wasting — the downslope movement of earth under the influence of gravity. Various factors in mass wasting, including the rock’s effective strength and pore spaces, are discussed, as are different types of mass wasting such as creep, slump, and landslides. Images of an actual landslide illustrate the phenomenon.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 17- Sedimentary Rocks: The Key to Past Environments

This program returns to the Grand Canyon: its exposed layers of sedimentary rock allow scientists to peer into the geologic past. The movement of sediment and its deposition are covered, and the processes of lithification, compaction, and cementation that produce sedimentary rocks are explained. Organic components of rock are also discussed.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 18- Metamorphic Rocks

The weight of a mountain creates enough pressure to recrystallize rock, thus creating metamorphic rocks. This program outlines the recrystallization process and the types of rock it can create — from claystone and slate to schist and garnet-bearing gneiss. The relationship of metamorphic rock to plate tectonics is also covered.


Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 19- Running Water I- Rivers, Erosion & Deposition

Rivers are the most common land feature on Earth and play a vital role in the sculpting of land. This program shows landscapes formed by rivers, the various types of rivers, the basic parts of a river, and how characteristics of rivers — their slope, channel, and discharge — erode and build the surrounding terrain. Aspects of flooding are also discussed.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 20 – Running Water II- Landscape Evolution

The Colorado River is a powerful geologic agent — powerful enough to have carved the Grand Canyon. This program focuses on how such carving takes place over time, looking at erosion and deposition processes as they relate to river characteristics and type of rock. The evolution of rivers is covered, along with efforts to prevent harmful consequences to humans.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 21- Groundwater

Approximately three-quarters of Earth’s surface is covered by water. But most fresh water comes from underground. Topics of this program include aquifers, rock porosity and permeability, artesian wells, the water table, cave formation, sinkholes, and how groundwater may become contaminated.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 22- Wind, Dust & Deserts

Land in arid climates is shaped in particular ways. This program shows how deserts are defined by infrequent precipitation and how desertification relates to proximity to the equator, proximity to mountains, and ultimately plate tectonics. Images of landscapes illustrate how wind creates features such as dunes, playas, blow-outs, and even oases.

Earth Revealed – Introductory Geology: 23- Glaciers

Many of the world’s most beautiful landscapes were made by glaciers. This program shows how, explaining glacial formation, structure, movement, and methods of gouging and accumulating earth. The program provides images of glaciers and glacial landforms such as moraines, and discusses how study of glaciers may help us understand ice ages and the greenhouse effect.